A guide to collecting Waffen-SS belt buckles

As with most valuable collectables; many forgeries exist trying to fool collectors. In this article I will try to explain various manufacturers, types, materials, markings and finishes as well as to recognize reproductions. A strong note at first; a lot of these buckles have been named or maker identified by Jean Pierre Redeuilh who posted a ultimate list of known buckles on the Wehrmacht Awards Forum. A lot of work has gone into his topic so I believe that not citing him would be wrong as he committed being a asset to the collecting world. I do not have every variant SS buckle photographed as posted in his topic; but the least I can do is to list the variants that I did have the chance to photograph. I warmly suggest those wanting further information in the subject to read the topic from front to end!

The SS belt buckle’s design featured a SS eagle, sitting on top of a Swastika surrounded by the SS’s motto Meine Ehre Heisst Treue which translates to my honor is loyalty. The design is embossed with a smooth background, unlike the Heer or Luftwaffe belt buckles. The design is sharp with distinctive features making it possible to identify certain makers.

In general there are four sort of materials used in the production for Waffen-SS belt buckles issued to the enlisted men and non commissioned officers. Between 1931 and 1936 SS buckles were made out of a nickel silver, known in Germany as Alpaka. Between 1936 and 1940 the SS buckles were made out of aluminum and finished with a thin silver paint. In 1940 the SS buckles started being made from steel, finished with a zinc coating and/or paint right until the end of the war. At the end of the war a fourth type can be seen which is made completely out of zinc.

Below we will list 65 different buckles that found their way in front of our camera and we will categorize them in four groups; Nickel, Aluminum, Steel and zinc. Then we will introduce a the several variants in design, markings and finish. At the start of each manufacturer we will talk about several distinctive details for the manufacturer which can help later on in identificating SS belt buckles.

The Nickel SS belt buckles;

The first SS buckles were made out of a nickel silver which is known in German as Alpaka or Neusilber and came in many variants. Out of all the belt buckle types this is by far the type with the most variants and manufacturers which some are still unknown today. They where produced between 1931 and 1936. Overhoff was the largest and first manufacturer to get the contract to design and produce these buckles in 1931. The buckles retained their shiny nickel finish which neatly fitted with the black uniforms of the SS. These buckles, often polished by the troops, however stood out in the field. In general we can divide the Nickel SS buckles in three main groups; Pre RZM, RZM and unmarked buckles.

Neusilber SS belt buckle unmarked rotated swastika – Big Mouth

This buckle is a rare variant with a tilted or rotating swastika. The buckle is unmarked and it’s maker has not yet been identified. The buckle is made in Neusilber or Alpaka with a steel prong setup. The design of the eagle is very specific and as far as I know is unique to this buckle. I have chosen to name it the Big Mouth variant because of its large beak and tongue which is a strong facet in the design. Another strong characteristic feature for the Big Mouth buckle is the breast which resembles a strong V shape.

SS belt buckle rotating swastika – Big Mouth

This Big Mouth buckle was dug up in the Halbe area and its prongs have rusted away. The rotating swastika only featured in a handful of SS, SA and NSKK buckles. In the SS buckles another type is described as a prototype by Assmann. The buckles with rotating swastikas in the design were produced pre war for a short, early period after which the regular or static swastika was used exclusively on buckles afterwards. It is unclear when this buckle was produced but I presume it was together with its SA and NSKK counterparts.

Neusilber SS Belt buckles produced by Overhoff & Cie

These buckles by Overhoff are distinctive; they carry the same design from the 1930’s right until the end of the war. The materials used have changed but the design remained the same; a bold firm breast with many other distinctive facets such as the feathers and it’s claws.

Pre RZM Neusilber SS buckle marked Overhoff & Cie, Lüdenscheid GES GESCH

This buckle is another typical buckle made by Overhoff. It is often referred to as the ‘full script’. The markings show the full manufacturers information; OVERHOFF & CIE. LÜDENSCHEID GES. GESCH. A lot of collectors believe this is the first marked example by Overhoff. Although hard proof does not exist; we place this buckle at the top of the list.

Pre RZM Neusilber SS Buckle marked O&C ges. gesch,

O&C ges. gesch. The buckle has some distinctive features that can identify it as a typical buckle made by Overhoff. This includes the overall dimensions but most of all the bold convex or round shape of the buckle which is typical for buckles by Overhoff. Why start with Overhoff? They were the first to design and produced these buckles in 1931 and most probably the least rare SS-Belt buckle to encounter.

The markings in the buckles by Overhoff are diverse. We can find the well known O&C ges. gesch. in many font and spelling such as; O&C ges. ge sch., O&C Ges. gesch. and many more. There are also subtle font variants but I’ve yet to add them to the reference.

Pre RZM Neusilber SS Buckle marked O&C ges. gesch. with ground markings

Following the installation of the official Reichzeugmeisterei or RZM, all manufacturers could only sell their wares being void of any markings that could identify its maker and should only be marked with the individual RZM code identifying it. Following this; the production on and around the installment Overhoff simply ground out the identifying markings. These ground markings can be observed with the O&C ges. gesch and the full motto marked buckles. This also indicates that both of these buckles were produced in the transitional period to the RZM system in 1935.

Neusilber SS buckle marked GZD 7

Interesting Nickel buckle marked GZD 7. The marking GDZ most probably means Gau-Zeugmeisterei Danzig. This same design buckle can be observed with the marking on another place on the left bottom on the back of the buckle reading GZM M1/131 which is in term, a RZM code and means Gauzeugmeisterei.

Neusilber SS buckle marked GZM M1/131

GZM M1/131 which is in term, a RZM code and means Gauzeugmeisterei.

RZM Neusilber SS buckle marked RZM 24

This buckle is arguably the first of the RZM era buckles made by Overhoff. The RZM markings can be deciphered as following; 24 for the manufacturer. From 1935 onwards, Overhoff will use RZM markings on their buckles.

RZM Neusilber SS buckle marked RZM SS 35/36

This buckle is arguably the second of the RZM era buckles made by Overhoff in 1935. The RZM markings can be deciphered as following; 35 for the year and 36 for the manufacturer. From this year on, Overhoff will use this 36 marking on buckles. This variant also exists as a 36/36 marking.

RZM Neusilber SS buckle marked RZM SS 36/36

RZM Neusilber SS buckle marked 57 RZM indicating production by M. Winter

These buckles are less common to encounter. It’s marking 57 most probably indicates production by M. Winter.

RZM Neusilber SS buckle marked 57 RZM GES. GESCH. indicating production by M. Winter

Unlike the buckle above there is a variant on the ’57’ marked buckle which seems to have its RZM 57 marked on top of a boldly embossed GES GESCH. indicating this was probably its first marking type. As far as I can tell, there aren’t any buckles of this maker with just this typical boldly embossed GES. GESCH marking.

RZM Neusilber SS-Buckle marked SS 63 RZM

These buckles wear the markings of Steinhauer & Luck but they are actually made by M. Winter. These buckles were previously marked 57 RZM, professionally ground and re marked SS 63 RZM. This was done because M. Winter lost his RZM contract and thus had to sell his inventory. This inventory was bought up by Steinhauer & Lück, reworked, marked and sold under the RZM. The buckles are easily compared to the 57 marked examples and when looking closely one can observe its former markings. Less common buckle!

Unmarked Neusilber SS-Buckle by R. Fischer, Nixdorf

Rare pre war belt buckle with the typical design that is associated with R. Fischer, Nixdorf. The lower talons lack the individual feathers in combination with the sharp eye indicate this. The buckle is denazified by ways of hammering out the swastika. It is however still in presentable condition and for sure rare enough to fit in any buckle collection in this condition.

Unmarked Neusilber SS-Buckle by Friedrich keller

Rare pre war belt buckle by Friedrich Keller. The buckle is in worn condition with typical catch as can be observed by early HJ and DJ buckles by Friedrich Keller. The buckle is a rare variant, a first for me.

Unmarked Neusilber SS-Buckle by Giesse & Schmidt

Rare original pre war belt buckle by Giesse & Schmidt. The buckle is in good worn condition with original prongs, assembly and catch. The buckle is of a very rare but typically designed maker that is attributed to Giesse & Schmidt, which is one of the rarest buckles to encounter.

Unmarked Neusilber SS-Buckle named ‘Cracked Wing’

A rare buckle to find in great condition! The cracked wing can be identified trough the crack in the upper left wing and head of the eagle. These buckles are unmarked and it is unclear who made these exactly but it is generally known as the cracked wing variant. I have seen the variant of this buckle without the crack.

Unmarked Neusilber SS-Buckle named ‘Fat Eagle’

This example is referred to as the “Fat Eagle” variant which is unmarked but believed to be produced by Overhoff & Cie, Lüdenscheid.

Unmarked RZM Neusilber SS-Buckle named ‘Hammerhead’

One of the earliest and surely most sought after variants of the Waffen-SS belt buckles. There are two variants which is mainly in the catch of the buckle being a legged or C-shaped variant. As far as I can tell there is no clear indication to which catch was the first pattern.

Unmarked Neusilber SS-Buckle named ‘Short wings’

This buckle is a unique example with only one known. The buckle is a ground dug example found in Poland and shows a large crack in the lower portion of the buckle.

It is posted on WAF here. The buckle has the prongs and sleeve replaced because there were none when it was found.

The Aluminum SS belt buckles

The aluminum SS belt buckles were made between 1936 and 1940. They were finished with a dull silver paint which is often hard to observe on the aluminum finish which is roughly the same colour. There are three known producers for these buckles; Assmann & Sohne, Richard Sieper & Sohne and Overhoff.

Aluminum SS belt buckle marked RZM 36/38 SS

Aluminum SS belt buckle marked RZM 36/39 SS

Aluminum SS belt buckle marked RZM 36/40 SS

Aluminum SS belt buckle by Assmann & Sohne

Assmann & Sohne produced aluminum belt buckles, along with Overhoff until 1940 whilst Sieper already halted production in 1939. Assmann produced a very distinctive buckle which is more narrow and elongated then the Overhoff or Sieper examples. The buckle is notoriously flat compared to other manufacturers.

Waffen-SS belt buckle marked RZM 155/39 SS – ‘Round 9’

In general; there are two different markings to be found on the 1939 production of Assmann. The buckles are generally the same but differ in details. To keep things clear; they are named ‘Round 9’ and ‘Straight 9’ indicating the shape of the 9. Another difference can be seen in the back; just above the catch there is a series of vertical lines not to be observed with the ‘Straight 9’ variant.

Waffen-SS belt buckle marked RZM 155/39 SS – ‘Straight 9’

The second pattern 1939 dated buckle with a ‘Straight 9’.

Waffen-SS belt buckle marked RZM 155/40 SS

This 1940 dated variant features the design of the ‘Straight 9’ buckle without the vertical lines in the back of the wings. The markings on these buckles are always very blurry and it is hard to identify different marking variants.

Aluminum SS belt buckle marked RZM 822/37 SS, type 1

The first buckle produced by Sieper Sohne

Difference between the first and second type

Aluminum SS belt buckle marked RZM 822/37 SS, type 2

Aluminum SS belt buckle marked RZM 822/38 SS, type 1; small numbers

Aluminum SS belt buckle marked RZM 822/38 SS, type 2; Big numbers

Aluminum SS belt buckle marked RZM 822/38 SS, type 2; Bold Shoulders

A variant on the 822/38 buckle type 2 I named the ‘Bold Shoulder’. I found this variant looking through my buckles, I have gone through my photos and found at least one other example with the same imperfection under the shoulders of the wings where two bold ‘blobs’ can be seen. Normally this would be a imperfection of production, but as with the Cracked Wing buckle, this is just another variant to find. This is probably an end of the line of the original mold and hence they probably made another mold(type 3) for the 822/38 examples. So far I have seen 2 of these ‘Bold Shoulder’ variant buckles so as far I know it’s not unique. I have no idea how many of these have been made or are in collections.

Aluminum SS belt buckle marked RZM 822/38 SS, type 3; small numbers

Arguably the last model 822/38 marked buckle. This variant can be recognized at the round 3 and the thick ring around the runes differentiating it from the type 1. The buckle retains its original SS RZM label which can be observed with Aluminum buckles by Sieper and Assmann only. Some steel buckles also retain a RZM label but as far as I can tell only by the maker Assmann.

There are generally three buckle marking variants in in 1938, the difference is mostly to be in the style and font. The first pattern can be recognized by the small numbers and the thin lines around the runes. The second pattern can be recognized by the large numbers and the broad runes with a medium border. The third pattern can be recognized by the round shaped three in ’38’. A thick bordered set of runes is also a good recognizable point but the round three is unique on all 822 buckles and can only be seen on the 1938 dated example.

Sieper seemed to halt production in 1939 until 1942 when they introduced the injection moulded zinc example marked 822/42 which has a flat back. There is also another SS buckle by Sieper which is unmarked and like the zinc example injection moulded. This buckle was made from a aluminum alloy and is unmarked; hence we can’t categorize or date it exactly. It is exactly made like the regular 822 buckle and does not feature design changes on the front. The back however is very different.

The Steel SS belt buckles

The steel SS belt buckles were introduced in 1940. These were often finished with a zinc coating prior to their factory spray painted finish in grey, silver, green or blue. There are also buckles known only coated with the zinc coating without paint on the front or back. Allthough full zinc coated, non painted examples exist; most in collections are plain buckles with missing paint. One can take a good look at a buckle and observe the that the silver paint might have gone by checking in the details and crevasses of the front and back. There will always be remaining paint flakes on painted buckles.

There are four known producers for the steel Waffen-SS Belt buckles; Assmann & Sohne, Josef Feix & Söhne, Overhoff and C.Robert Dold. The ones made by Overhoff are the most common, followed by Assmann, Robert Dold and Josef Feix.

Steel Waffen-SS belt buckles manufactured by Overhoff & Cie

The steel SS buckles manufactured by Overhoff can be found marked or unmarked. The unmarked examples are far more common then the marked counterparts. We can observe several markings on original buckles such as RZM 36/42 SS, RZM 36/43 SS, RZM 36/44 SS, GES.GESCH and OLC in Diamond. There are little design variants except the different catches used. The buckle is zinc coated prior to its grey or silver finish.

Steel Waffen-SS belt buckle marked RZM 36/42 SS

Steel Waffen-SS belt buckle ‘Unmarked Overhoff’

This is probably the easiest buckle to find. It was probably produced between 1944 and 1945 after dropping the markings completely. The last known marked Overhoff buckle is marked 36/44 so these buckles must come after that. These buckles are mostly, like the other steel SS belt buckles zinc coated and painted with a dull silver paint imitating the early nickel examples.

Steel Nickel Plated Waffen-SS belt buckle ‘Unmarked Overhoff’

Unlike 99 out of 100 unmarked Waffen-SS belt buckles, or possibly even scarcer; this example is factory nickel plated. It would be anomaly but we know that Overhoff also produced HJ buckles in this configuration. Besides the paint finish the buckle is a typical Overhoff example in all facets.

Several variant catches we can observe on the buckles produced by Overhoff. For sure there could be more but this is what I have seen and photographed in my travels.

Steel Waffen-SS belt buckles marked RZM 155/40 and RZM 155/43

The buckles marked RZM 155 indicating procuction by Assmann & Sohne were very typical in their design. Notable are the striking details in the eagle and it’s broad chest. Not to be confused with the ‘fat eagle’; this buckle is very distinctive. It’s construction is also different to most SS buckles being a very flat design which is the first thing you will see. Secondly; the buckle has a set of distinct, bent prongs. There are no major design variants; the variations lie in markings and paint finish.

Waffen-SS Belt buckle marked RZM 155/40 SS, marked near catch nickel plated prongs

In my opinion one of the first steel belt buckles by Assmann. The buckle is very sharply detailed and has a pair of nickel plated prongs. This buckle was made in the transitional period with the first steel buckles. The nickel prongs and sleeve are a typical Assmann product with the typical bend. Another distinctive feature of this buckle maker is the shape of the body which is clearly more elongated then other SS buckles. The buckles by Assmann were coated in zinc prior to painting.

Waffen-SS Belt buckle marked RZM 155/40 SS, marked near catch

Another 1940 dated buckle, but with painted steel prongs.

Waffen-SS Belt buckle marked RZM 155/40 SS, marked under prongs

At some point in 1940, the place of the markings moved from the catch to the prongs. Assmann would retain this marking position for the rest of the war.

Waffen-SS Belt buckle marked RZM 155/43 SS, marked under prongs

For the Assmann buckles produced in 1943 we can see one main production difference which is the catch. The ‘earlier’ 1943 buckles were produced with the catches which we can observe in the 1940 dated examples. The later buckles were manufactured with the later catch which has more flat ends. As with the 1940 dated buckles they were coated in zinc prior to painting. This coating can sometimes be completely gone revealing its full zinc coated finish. There are also buckles which seem to have never received a paint finish to the front, back or both sides. The painted finishes vary from a dull to a shiney grey, silver or green.

Steel Waffen-SS belt buckle marked RODO

A typical and well known buckle was made by Robert Dold, Offenberg. There are two varying factors in the design of the buckle. There is a small difference to be noted by the rope behind the head of the eagle. At the late war blue variant the rope is added. Although these buckles are reproduced to a certain degree; the broad shape of the chest of the eagle and the short and stumpy prongs are a dead give away of a good RODO buckle. The bent catch on the RODO buckles is also a typical feature. I have read that examples in black and with a clear coat have been found. I have not found any examples in black paint. I have seen some bare type two buckles with no remnants of paint whatsoever. This is not per se finished as is; I regard these as either unfinished or simply a complete loss of paint. Having observed several type 2 buckles it is clear that the blue paint was not adhering well to these buckles; it’s common to find them with no paint at all, with little to no wear. A example can be seen here without any traces of wear but no remnants of paint either.

Green steel Waffen-SS belt buckle marked Rodo type 1

Blue Steel Waffen-SS belt buckle marked RODO type 2

The blue RODO buckle was the only SS variant to follow the general switch to blue painted finish around 1943 when the Einheitskoppelschloss was introduced for the whole Wehrmacht.

Steel Waffen-SS Belt buckle made by Josef Feix

Typical, square shaped buckles in steel marked JFS indicating production by Josef Feix & Sohne. These buckles are less common then other steel buckle producers and can be classed as rare as buckles marked RODO.

Zinc injection moulded SS belt buckle marked RZM 822/42 SS

Later in the war, the company of Richard Sieper made SS belt buckles out of zinc, coated with a dull silver paint. There are no other producers who made the EM/NCO buckles in zinc. Due to the nature of the base material, sometimes, these buckles can be highly corroded and or take a greenish hue.

Waffen-SS equipment belts

Starting from 1931, the SS was a political organisation that was not run by the army. Hence they had no access to the supply chain ran by the army. Hence the Waffen-SS relied solely on privately purchased equipment for their soldiers. They had their own supply line which produced specific equipment for the Waffen-SS. Right up until around 1940, they solely used RZM issued pieces. This creates a nice new research angle in the form of the Waffen-SS RZM issue leather equipment belt. These belts all work with regular army buckles and are made loosely modeled after the Heer counterparts. These belts were made until around 1940 when the Waffen-SS started getting army issue generic equipment gradually. With generic equipment I mean combat belts, pioneer equipment, breadbags, y-straps, boots, shirts and weapons. The belts were mostly marked RZM as the SA, Hitlerjugend and NSDAP counterparts. The stitching on these belts is mostly black. The belt hook is either in Nickel or Aluminum.

Next to RZM markings they are also sometimes marked with Croupon or Kernstuck which indicates the section of leather used; the centre of the cow hide is the highest quality and is called the Croupon or Kernstuck. Unlike popular belief they are not manufacturers but a indicator of quality.

I have had quite a few of these through the years and I will list some of the more interesting examples below.

Unique, untouched belt set for a EM/NCO serving in the 10. Rotte of the III SS-Totenkopf Standarte Thüringen. The belt is a typical SS issued belt marked SS RZM near the belt hook. The belt is unit marked 10./ 3 SS indicating the 10. Rotte in the 3. SS-Totenkopf-Standarte 3, Thüringen. This unit took part in the occupation of Sudetenland in 1938 and was later used for Police duties during the invasion of Poland behind the lines of the 10th. Armee between upper Silesia and the Vistula river. These duties consisted of hunting down remaining Polish soldiers and terrorizing and murdering civilians. Most of these men were later drafted for the Totenkopf Division. The buckle is a typical RZM 822/37 type 2 aluminum belt buckle which has always been with the belt.

SS equipment belt marked SS 1325/43 RZM

Unissued black Waffen-SS equipment belt marked SS 1325/43 RZM. Textbook example executed in black leather with black stitching and remnants of the paper RZM label under the tongue. Going by the date of 1943, and the remnants of a black paper RZM label I presume this belt was made for the Allgemeine SS.

Waffen-SS issue equipment belt marked Croupon ᛋᛋ 48/68 RZM

Hard to find pre war Waffen-SS equipment belt marked croupon ᛋᛋ 48/68 RZM. The belt is in good supple condition and a nice size 90. The belt comes with a nice original aluminum 822/38 marked buckle in equally good condition. One can observe three hollow rivets used to fixate the leather tongue to the belt which is a period repair.

Waffen-SS issue equipment belt marked VA413/38 SS

Rare original Waffen-SS issue equipment belt marked VA 413/38 ᛋᛋ. The belt is dry and should probably be treated but is a great display piece as is. Scarce authentic example !

Interesting 1938 dated example in good condition. Nicely marked VA413/38 SS. It has a aluminum hook marked OLC and black stitching on both sides.


Since there are so many reproductions floating in the collectors market I’d think it would be a good idea to at least sort of create a small reference for the novice and advanced collector. They range from very good, to very bad, I would try to show the difficult ones at the top. I have named some reproductions by their respective recognizable features.

Reproductions can be recognized by faults in their design or finish. When I could not get the complete range of marking, design and colour variants it seemed necessary to create another section in this reference which compiles some of many reproductions found. Whilst most reproductions could easily be compared; it takes a trained eye to know what to look for.

Fake Assmann marked 155/43 – round swastika

This buckle has been on the market for quite some time. Although the small font variation might fall within the acceptable range of known buckle variants; this buckle is a reproduction. It can be bought on militaria fairs from vendors who ‘have had it for many years’ and say ‘it looks really really good, should be original’. But in fact; its a reproduction. The easiest giveaway is the round swastika and the angle of the ‘1’ in 155.

Fake Assmann marked 155/43 – At the Front

Another well-made buckle which seems to be readily available from At The Front for the re-enactor market. Allthough it is a reproduction, unlike the above, it is not made to fool. But aged and badly photographed it could however be mis recognized for a real example. It’s recognizable feature compared to the original is the lack of feather details in the upper wings.

Fake Rodo marked Rodo – big bird

A easily recognizable buckle; the roundel is way too big and crosses the box below and the head touches the top border. Another giveaway is the RODO stamped with loose letters and the straight catch which is never seen on a real Rodo buckle.

Fake Ground overhoff – RZM SS OLT/62637

Another easily recognizable buckle. The major fault on this example is the material used and the catch which is wrong for steel. These buckles were originally made in nickel but this buckle is made fully from steel. There is no steel buckles with this type of catch which is only seen on nickel buckles. Another distinguishable feature is the bordered swastika.

The design of the buckle is in my opinion a Tony Oliver product; which are marked RZM OLT and runes in a diamond. When OLT should make you run; the SS Never used runes in a diamond marking their buckles. This buckle was ground down to remove its faulty markings hoping it will escape the collectors eye.

Fake buckle – V-chest – various markings

By far the most common reproduction buckle to encounter will be the V-chest. This buckle is very well recognizable due to the sharp V shape that forms the breast of the eagle. This distinctive shape is not seen on any original. There are many variants of this buckle in material, paint and markings. I have encountered most if not all known original markings for SS buckles on these V-chest fakes. Once you’ll get to know the fault in the breast it is a easy to spot fake.

Fake aluminum buckle – cast fake

Another often encountered reproduction is a cast fake. In design it is nearly perfect, as the design is cast from a original example. There are numerous variants in markings known but the most will be 36/40. The giveaway on this buckle is the fact that the material is cast, not stamped. This is easily recognizable by studying the finish. The surface of the front and back of the buckle is uneven whilst original examples are dead flat. They are often without paint and a fraction smaller then known originals yet size correct reproductions have been observed. Telling these from originals is hard, but nothing impossible. Look at the surface with a magnifying glass and compare the crater like material with the smooth, flat aluminum on original buckles.

Fake buckle – prototype

This buckle is a weird one. It’s a fake designed after a prototype of which only a handful are known. The design is faulty with a bad catch style. The material is wrongly Nickel whilst it should be aluminum. It’s marked RZM but has no further code which should be a dead give away by its own.

Whilst there are many many more reproductions out there I have not had the possibility to document them yet. I hope to keep adding more buckles to the reference.


If we watch all the different original SS belt buckles it is clear that there are many makers, finishes and variants to collect. I am sure there are still many variants to explore or ones that are not in this reference; I am always looking to add to this reference as I feel it’s my duty, as a collector to share information rather then just hoard it. There are so many that having all true variants would be a lifelong escapade and collecting angle. Having said that; I want to warn any collector who wants to venture into collecting SS belt buckles; it may be habit forming.